Additional resources to learn more.
Structured Water Devices Change the Energy of Water
Water is ubiquitous and it may be from this property that it is frequently taken for granted. Even though it is everywhere, water is anything but common.
Most people think that water comes in 3 shapes and sizes and they all have the formula H2O. We recognize ice as water in its solid form, water as the liquid stage and steam as water as a gas.
Save Thousands of Dollars and Increase Quality, Yield and Earnings
Global warming, water scarcity, depleted soils, toxins and pollution all conspire to overwhelm farming. And sustainable agriculture, yester-years’ answer, is no longer viable. Who wants to “sustain” an ecosystem by preventing it from getting any worse than it already is?
IAPMO R&T Product Listing - HDC Products
This WCD (Water Conditioning Device) exhibited a 41% reduction in the chlorine needed to maintain water chemistry of the test pool vs without the WCD present.
Hydrodynamic cavitation using vortex diode: An efficient approach for elimination of pathogenic bacteria from water
The present study successfully demonstrates greener methodology of hydrodynamic cavitation using rotational flows for disinfection of water. Disinfection of two model microbial strains-gram- negative (Escherichia coli) and gram-positive (Staphylococcus aureus) using vortex diode was evaluated. The removal efficacy was quantified for two different cavitation reactors. Practically complete elimination of E. coli was achieved (99%) after 1 h of cavitation at a pressure drop of only 0.5 b
Can rapid pressure decrease induced by supercavitation efficiently eradicate Legionella pneumophila bacteria?
In the present experimental campaign we set out to evaluate the efficiency of removal of L. pneumophila by three types of cavitation—the most commonly used acoustic cavitation, the aggressive developed hydrodynamic cavitation, and the supercavitation. We show that it is probably not the pressure peaks or the high local temperatures that cause the eradication of the bacteria, but the rapid pressure decrease which was initiated in supercavitating flow regime.
Efficient Inactivation of MS-2 Virus in Water by Hydrodynamic Cavitation
The aim of this study was to accurately quantify the impact of hydrodynamic cavitation on the infectivity of bacteriophage MS2, a norovirus surrogate, and to develop a small scale reactor for testing the effect of hydrodynamic cavitation on human enteric viruses, which cannot be easily prepared in large quantities. For this purpose, 3 mL scale and 1 L scale reactors were constructed and tested. Both devices were efficient in generating hydrodynamic cavitation and in reducing the infectivity of MS2 virus.
The hydroxyl radical, •OH, is the neutral form of the hydroxide ion (OH−). Hydroxyl radicals are highly reactive (easily becoming hydroxylgroups) and consequently short-lived; however, they form an important part of radical chemistry. Most notably hydroxyl radicals are produced from the decomposition of hydroperoxides (ROOH) or, in atmospheric chemistry, by the reaction of excited atomic oxygen with water. It is also an important radical formed in radiation chemistry, since it leads to the formation of hydrogen peroxide and oxygen, which can enhance corrosion and SCC in coolant systems subjected to radioactive environments.
The Structure of Water
Water is a molecule (H2O) that contains two hydrogen atoms each sharing a pair of electrons with an oxygen atom. When atoms share electrons in this way, a covalent bond is created. These bonds are essential to living organisms.
Structured Water: Is it Worth the Hype?
Structured water, sometimes called magnetized or hexagonal water, refers to water with a structure that’s been altered to form a hexagonal cluster. This cluster of water molecules is believed to share similarities with water that hasn’t been polluted or contaminated by human processes.
EcoWater CHC Controlled Hydrodynamic Cavitation
Is Swimming in Chlorine Bad for You?
Swimming is a great way to get fit, but if your pool doesn’t have a saline, ozone, or a structured water filter, then you’re going to be stuck swimming in chlorine. Chlorine is used in pool water because it kills bacteria and germs, oxidizes organic debris from perspiration and body oils, and fights algae. But chlorine also creates side effects, such as red eyes, dry skin and hair, and a strong odor.
Why is too much chlorine in pools so dangerous?
Improper pool maintenance can lead to some less-than-pleasant health problems if you’re not careful. In fact, putting too much chlorine into pools can actually lead to a type of poisoning that can cause acute pain and discomfort for you and your kids.
What are the harmful effects of swimming in chlorinated water?
When chlorinated pools are indoors, toxic gases such as nitrogen trichloride are released, which can be very dangerous. When we breathe in this gas it can cause severe damage to the lining of the lungs which could lead to respiratory problems or asthma. This toxic gas can be harmful at any age yet it poses the most risk to elderly people and small children.
Chemical Warfare in WW1
Chlorine gas effects the body in many ways. When it is come into contact with as a gas it affects the eyes, skin, and lungs. When the eyes are exposed to chlorine gas it has many effects. It causes burning in the eyes, uncontrollable blinking, redness and inflammation along with the production of tears. It can also burn the cornea killing the cells within it. The effects of chlorine gas on the longs are extensive and can even lead to the collapsing of the lung.
Patent: Automated Greenhouse
The greenhouse produces its own pure, clean water supply with proprietary, on-board atmospheric water generators incorporating water treatment technology, namely ozone, hydrodynamic cavitation, acoustical cavitation, and electrochemical oxidation to oxidize and destroy contaminants to maintain purity.
5 Harmful Effects of High Levels of Iron in Water
Iron is an essential mineral, but when it gets into your drinking water, it needs to be removed. Iron in water has many negative effects, here are the most common ones.
Controlled Hydrodynamic Cavitation: A Review of Recent Advances and Perspectives for Greener Processing
Cavitation-based technologies are gaining interest among processing technologies due to their cost eectiveness in operation, minimization of toxic solvent usage, and ability to obtain superior processed products compared to conventional methods.
Chloramines & Pool Operation
Chlorine is used in pools and other chlorinated aquatic venues to kill germs, but when it binds to the body waste swimmers bring into pools (for example, sweat and urine) it can form chemicals called chloramines.
Ocular and Respiratory Illness Associated with an Indoor Swimming Pool
On December 26, 2006, the Nebraska Department of Health and Human Services (NDHHS) received a report of a child hospitalized in an intensive care unit for severe chemical epiglottitis and laryngotracheobronchitis after swimming in an indoor motel swimming pool.
Investigation of Employee Symptoms at an Indoor Waterpark
The Warren County Combined Health District asked the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) to assist in investigating the cause of symptoms reported at the Great Wolf Lodge (GWL) indoor waterpark resort in Mason, Ohio. Symptoms included cough, wheezing, shortness of breath, eye and nose irritation, and skin rashes.
Indoor Air Quality and Public Swimming Pools and Spas
Swimmers, bathers and spectators at indoor public swimming pools may experience difficulty breathing or other health-related problems due to a buildup of chloramines in indoor air.
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Keith Morrill, FOUNDER
HDC Products, LLC